The sixth meeting of the Asia Solar Energy Forum has taken place at the Palace of Symposiums in Tashkent.
The decision about this event was taken as part of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) initiative to promote solar power industry in the Asian continent. The initiative itself was pushed forward during the Annual Meeting of the ADB Board of Governors in May 2010 in Tashkent.
The current session of the Asia Solar Energy Forum has been attended by around 300 representatives of governments, international financial institutions, manufacturers of hardware and equipment, scientific and research institutions, specialists and experts in solar energy fr om the nations of Asia and Europe, North and South America.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the sixth meeting of the Asia Solar Energy Forum.
The wide ranging reforms undertaken in our country from the first days of independence have been directed at building a democratic state based on the rule of law, with a steadily advancing market economy. The globally acknowledged Uzbek Model of development, elaborated by President Islam Karimov, has served as a robust backbone for these endeavors. This model’s principal goal is to create a potent national economy, to uplift its competitiveness by securing an advanced development of new high technological enterprises and production facilities, introduction of modern technologies and manufacturing methods that would help reduce resource expenses for the production of new goods. In this respect, one of the most critical challenges is the development of fuel and energy complex, in particular by introducing cutting-edge resource-saving technologies. The attainment of a complete energy independence by our country epitomizes the effectiveness of these efforts.
In his address to the forum, President of the Asian Development Bank Takehiko Nakao noted that Uzbekistan wields enormous land resources, abundance of solar light and highly qualified and educated human resources essential for the nation to become a key player in the evolution of solar power in the Central Asian region. Therefore, the implementation of projects for the development of solar energy is becoming one of the promising dimensions of the bilateral cooperation.
During the independence years, Uzbekistan has garnered a sufficient experience in the use of alternative sources of energy, particularly solar one, because the number of sunny days a year amounts to 320, while the annual potential of solar power exceeds 51 billion tons in oil equivalent. This allows for the employment of energy of the sun in the widest possible scales and in the most diverse ends, namely, for the generation of electric energy, for the supply of hot water and heating, for purifying and uplifting water from wells, drying fruits and vegetables, and many other purposes.
As it was stressed at the meeting, the prospects of the use of renewable energy sources in Uzbekistan are extraordinarily favorable, and there is a considerable academic prowess in this sphere.
Effective have been the activities of diversified scientific-experimental and economic-technical capacities essential for a more profound innovation and practical application of solar and biogas energy. Scientific schools are shaped at the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan in the area of theoretical foundations and development of semi-conductor photo transformers of solar power, bio-energy sources of various designation, construction of combined solar technical devices, autonomous sources of power, high temperature solar materials studies.
An important normative base to boost scientific-research and experimental-design works in the sphere of renewable energy sources has been served by the Resolution of the President of our country “On Priorities of Industrial Development in the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2011-2015” signed 15 December 2010, which defines major challenges in the further enhancement of structural reforms across industrial sectors, including in the energy segment.
The elaboration and implementation of integrated measures for the accelerated introduction of power saving systems, the extensive application and development of alternative sources of energy are stipulated in the State Program of the Republic of Uzbekistan “The Year of Wellbeing and Prosperity”, as well as the Decree of the head of our state “On Measures to Bolster Alternative Energy Sources” signed 1 March 2013. These and other policy documents serve as a peculiar “roadmap” to address a range of issues emerging in the sphere of energy consumption, in the opening new opportunities for an extensive employment of nonconventional energy resources, including solar power, in the industrial production of related equipment, components and spare parts for solar panels.
A quite extensive circle of manufacturers and suppliers of solar power systems operates currently in Uzbekistan. Among them are the “Physics-Sun” Scientific-Production Association, the Eco-Energiya scientific center, the Mir Solar Ltd. and other entities. Their products have been finding practical application in various sectors of the economy. A big significance has been placed also on the introduction of solar power elements in the community services. In particular, in some homes erected in rural areas on standard design, hybrid systems are being installed that work on solar and wind energy. General schools and professional educations institutions located in remote areas of the country are projected to be outfitted with solar power elements in the near future.
The effectiveness of the use of technologies in solar energy has been a topic for the participants of the sixth session of the Asia Solar Energy Forum, who traveled to Samarkand region with the purpose of familiarizing with the project of solar photoelectric station with a capacity of 100 megawatt. They gave a high appraisal of the available potential, the latest achievements of Uzbek scientists in the development of alternative sources of energy, and underscored the effectiveness of Uzbekistan’s cooperation with foreign partners.
The First Deputy Minister of Commerce, Industry and Energy of the Republic of Korea Han Czhin-Hyon noted that the Republic of Korea has been taking part in the realization of important investment projects and programs being executed in Uzbekistan, including the construction of Ustyurt Gas-Chemical Complex at the Surgil deposit and the development of Navoi Free Industrial and Economic Zone. Taking into account the huge potential of Uzbekistan in the sphere of alternative sources of energy, there is a platform for the implementation of joint projects designed to promote solar energy industry, including the construction of solar power plants.
The participants displayed a particular interest in the innovations of scholars of the Physics Technical Institute of the “Physics-Sun” Scientific-Production Association of Uzbekistan’s Academy of Sciences, wh ere they conduct scientific research in the sphere of theories of firm bodies, the physics of high energies and semiconductors, as well as the transformation of solar power. In accordance with the resolution of the head of our state “On the Establishment of International Institute of Solar Energy” signed 1 March 2013, the International Institute of Solar Energy was founded at the “Physics-Sun” Scientific-Production Association in partnership with the ADB and other international financial institutions.
Chief priorities of its activities are the elaboration of high technology innovations in the area of industrial application of solar power, preparation of proposals for its practical employment in diverse sectors of the economy and the social sphere on the basis of efficient technologies. Also, the Institute’s tasks include the conduct of applied research related to the application of solar power across various sectors of the economy, including the technologies of synthesis of special materials and thermal reprocessing, as well as the coordination of works in the elaboration of documentation on major projects in the sphere of solar energy industry.
The session participants were also particularly attracted to the achievements of our scientists in the area of high temperature materials studies. The experts visited the “Sun” facility in Parkent district of Tashkent region with a large solar furnace with a thermal capacity of 1 megawatt. The exceptional base of the “Physics-Sun” complex allows for the conduct of multi-purpose observations on the Sun and for the engagement in theoretical and experimental research.
“Uzbekistan possesses a tremendous potential in the use of solar energy,” said the President of Brandenburg Institute, Professor Edgar Klose (Germany). “Your country has a technological base that allows for the conduct of scientific research and production of advanced systems in the application of solar power. We have come to believe in that again when we visited the “Physics-Sun” Scientific-Production Association, with which we have established close cooperation ties. In partnership with our Uzbek colleagues, we are developing new technologies in the area of renewable sources of energy with an eye to their further spread to other countries.”
International specialists told during panel sessions about the development prospects of solar power and the latest trends in the evolution of technologies. The attendees of the forum heard the report by Professor Eduardo Galvana of the University of Seville, Spain, entitled “Development Trends in Photoelectric Technologies, Integration Issues and Challenges”. The speakers also included the Governor of the European Association of STE Marcel Bial (Belgium) with a report “The Solar Thermal Energy: The Concentrated Solar Power Is a Right Choice for Politicians”; the general executive director of the company Solar Technology Advisors Jorge Servert (Spain) with a report “The Roadmap of the Development of Solar Energy in Uzbekistan”; the manager for strategy, promotion and development of business of the company “Alstom” (Switzerland) Paolo Montresor with a report “The Prime Cost Significance of Electric Power of the Concentrated Solar Energy” and other experts.
Those speaking at panel sessions of the meeting within the Asia Solar Energy Forum, including the Director of the International Institute of Solar Power Alim Hakimov, the Vice President of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan Sagdulla Lutpullaev and others underscored the remarkable achievements and the exceptionality of innovations by Uzbek scientists in the development of alternative sources of energy, the solar one in particular.
The sixth meeting of the Asia Solar Energy Forum continued its work in panel sections.